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The Many Uses of “Infinitive + होना”

July 23, 2014

In Hindi, there is a very common idiom involving an infinitive and a form of the verb होना, for instance “मुझे जाना है”, or “अगर तुम्हें जाना हो तो मुझे बताओ”. This idiom is very flexible; it can have many different … Read

First Person Verbs in Relative Clauses

June 21, 2014

In Hindi, a first person verb can be used in a relative clause. This is not the case in English. For instance, in episode 118 of “Sajan Re Jhoot Mat Bolo”, the mother says: मैं तो वो अच्छी वाली सासRead

Word Order With Nominal Conjunct Verbs

June 13, 2014

With nominal conjunct verbs, if an adverb or postpositional phrase is used with the verb, it usually comes between the noun and करना. तुम झगड़ा किस बात पर कर रहे हो – “What are you fighting about?” मुझे पता नहींRead

Perfect Participles: Time “Since”

June 13, 2014

Perfect participles can indicate time since something happened. They’re often used in phrases that are part of a larger sentence: मुझे भारत आए तीन महीने हो गए हैं – “It’s been three months since I came to India” However, they … Read

Gender Agreement in Object-Complement Sentences

June 13, 2014

A “complement” is a noun or adjective that goes with the object of a verb. Consider the following example: मैंने उसे अकेली पाया – “I found her alone” The object is उसे and the complement is अकेली. There are two … Read

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