March 17, 2014

हुआ in Periphrastic Verbs

In Hindi, although verbs are usually formed with a bare perfect participle (e.g. किया) and a form of होना, they can also be formed with a full participle (e.g. किया हुआ) and a form of होना.

Thus, for instance, we can say either:

उसने साड़ी पहनी हुई है – “She is wearing a sari”, literally “She has worn a sari”

or:

उसने साड़ी पहनी है

Consider another example:

उन्होंने बहुत सहारा दिया हुआ है – “They have lent a lot of support”