A “complement” is a noun or adjective that goes with the object of a verb. Consider the following example:
The object is उसे and the complement is अकेली. There are two important notes about gender here:
- The verb in this example is masculine because it agrees with उसे. Any object marked with को is considered masculine with respect to verb agreement.
- However, the complement is feminine, because it agrees with the object, which is feminine, regardless of को.