August 30, 2013

Conjunctive Participle + रहना

In Hindi, there is a continuity idiom that involves a conjunctive participle followed by a form of the verb रहना. It is the intransitive counterpart to the “conjunctive participle + रखना” idiom. In general, रहना and रखना are often used as counterparts (e.g. चुप रहो = “keep [oneself] quiet]”, खुला रखो = “keep [something] open”).

This idiom has the following form:

[conjunctive participle] [form of रहना]

The conjunctive participle is the participle of an intransitive verb. This idiom generally indicates a state that persists, instead of an action that is performed continually.

The sense is that the action of the participle is performed, and its effect lasts.

Examples:

उस आदमी से बचके रहो – “Stay away from that man” (i.e., avoid, and keep avoiding)

आपको संभलके रहना होगा – “You’ll have to be careful” (i.e. take care, and keep taking care)