February 26, 2013

सा

The particle सा has several uses in Hindi. When used as an adjective, it inflects just like an adjective (सा / से / सी).

With Adjectives

When used with adjectives, सा can diminish the degree of an adjective or modify the adjective in a manner similar to the suffix -ish in English, indicating an approximation.

मैं लाल से कपड़े पहना हुआ हूं – “I’m wearing reddish clothes”

हमें एक और छोटी सी बात की चर्चा करनी है – “We need to discuss one more minor matter”

This use can also indicate an increased degree:

उनके पास बहुत सा पैसा है – “They have a lot of money”

Compounds

When कौन is used with सा, the expression forms an interrogative adjective, कौन सा, meaning “which”.

तुमने कौन सी मूवी देखी – “Which movie did you watch?”

When इतना is used with सा, it means something like “so much”.

मैं इतना सा खाना खा पता हूं – “I can only eat so much food!”

मैं इतने से समय तक उसको बर्दाश्त कर सकता हूं – “I can only tolerate him for so much time”

When used with एक, the expression means “alike”.

प्रयोगशब्द औरइस्तेमालशब्द के मतलब एकसे हैं – “The word ‘prayog’ and the word ‘istemaal’ have the same meaning”

Similarity

सा can be used with a noun to mean “like” in a manner similar to के जैसा or की तरह:

मैं तुम्हारी सी लड़की से शादी करना चाहता हूं – “I want to marry a girl like you”

उसका माथा आग सा गरम था – “His forehead was hot like fire”

With Possessives

सा can be used with possessives to indicate a comparison:

उसके पास हाथी की सी शक्ति है – “His strength is like that of an elephant!”

 

  • Divija Sampathi

    Hai David…Is the usage of “पता” in the sentence मैं इतना सा खाना खा पता हूं correct?? Lemme know its meaning here..thnq

  • Divija Sampathi

    Hai…The sentence u mentioned मैं इतने से समय तक उसको बर्दाश्त कर सकता हूं – “I can only tolerate him for so much time”…Shouldn’t it be just “I can tolerate him for so much time(with emphasis on being such a long time)”??? The usage of ‘only” is incorrect I guess..Pls clarify

    • No, the sentence is correct. You’ve misunderstood the use of “so”. “So” can be intensive, like “I ate so much food!”. It can also indicate an indefinite, limited amount: e.g. “A person can only stay awake for so long”, or “a person only lives for so many years”. “so long” doesn’t mean “a long time” here; it means “a certain, limited amount of time”. “so many years” doesn’t mean “a lot of years” here; it means “a certain, limited number of years”. This is the same sense that इतने से समय तक has above – “a certain amount of time”.