April 24, 2013

More Concessive Expressions

There are many concessive expressions in Hindi. A “concessive expression” is anything that makes a concession, such as “although”, “however”, “though”, “even though”, “nonetheless”, etc. in English.

Here are two other notes about other concessive expressions:

This note introduces a few more concessive expressions:

भले हीके होते हुए भीके होने पर भी, के बावजूद, and imperfective participle + भी.

Other than के बावजूद, these expressions are somewhat rare.

भले ही

The expression भले ही makes a concession, like “even though”. It often correlates with a conjunction such as पर or लेकिन. It also often is used with a verb in the subjunctive mood, although this is not strictly necessary.

भले ही वह अपने प्रतिद्वंद्वी के जितना अच्छा खिलाड़ी न समझा जाए लेकिन वह जीत गया – “Although he wasn’t considered as good a player as his opponent, he won anyway”

भले ही can also mean “even if”:

भले ही लोग आप पर हंसें लेकिन अपने विश्वासों से न हिलें – “Even if people laugh at you, do not waver from your beliefs”

के होते हुए भी

The phrase के होते हुए भी means something like “notwithstanding”, or “despite”, etc.

दोनों आदमियों में कई विभिन्नताएं थीं, यद्यपि इन विभिन्नताओं के होते हुए भी बहुत अच्छे दोस्त रहें – “There were many difference between the two men, yet these differences notwithstanding, they remained good friends”

के होने पर भी

The expression के होने पर भी is similar to के होते हुए भी; it means “notwithstanding”, or “despite”, etc. This is simply an example of the “infinitive + पर भी” idiom discussed in the first note about concessive expressions.

इतने सारे सबूत के होने पर भी उसे अपराध का दोषी नहीं पाया गया – “Despite there being so much evidence, he was not convicted of the crime”

के बावजूद

के बावजूद (भी) is a compound postposition that means “despite”, etc.

विरोध के बावजूद भी सरकार ने कानून को मंजूरी दी – “Despite the protest, the government sanctioned the law”

Imperfective Participle + भी

More generally, के होते हुए भी is just one instance of a more general pattern: imperfective participle + भी.

सिर्फ़ एक महीने से हिंदी सीखते हुए भी वह काफ़ी अच्छी तरह से हिंदी बोलती है – “Despite having studied Hindi for just one month, she speaks Hindi pretty well”