April 22, 2013


The word जन्मदिन means “birthday”. This word is sometimes hyphenated as जन्मदिन. It is a literal compound of जन्म (“birth”) and दिन (“day”).

Here are some sentences related to birthdays:

आज मेरा जन्मदिन है – “Today is my birthday”

आपका जन्मदिन कब है – “When is your birthday?”

(आपकेजन्मदिन की शुभ कामनाएं – “Happy birthday” (शुभ = “good”, कामनाएं = “wishes”)

Sometimes, शुभ कामनाएं is written as one word: शुभकामनाएं.

Sometimes the word हार्दिक (“hearty”, “heartfelt”) is added:

जन्मदिन की हार्दिक शुभकामनाएं

जन्मदिन मुबारक हो – “Happy birthday”, literally “may your birthday be blessed/auspicious/fortunate”

Sometimes this phrase is abbreviated as जन्मदिन मुबारक.

अपना जन्मदिन कैसे मनाएंगे – “How are you going to celebrate your birthday?”

The verb मनाना can be used to mean “celebrate”.