February 11, 2013

Love

This note is about various words and idioms that can be used to translate “love”.

प्यार

The word प्यार is perhaps the most common word in Hindi used to talk about “love”.

मैं तुमसे प्यार करता हूं – “I love you”

The conjunct verb प्यार करना means “to love”. Its object is marked with से.

मैं तुमसे हमेशा प्यार करता रहूंगा – “I’ll always love you”

Note that the simple future (करूंगा) would be inappropriate here. The idea is that the speaker will continue to love forever, so a continuity idiom is used.

मुझे तुमसे प्यार है – “I love you”

प्यार can be used in indirect verb constructions too (प्यार होना).

मुझे प्यार है – “I’m in love”

मुझे प्यार हो गया है – “I’m in love”

मुझे तुमसे प्यार हुआ – “I fell in love with you”

There’s no intrinsic difference between प्यार करना and प्यार होना; their meaning is dependent upon the context.

पसंद

To discuss something that is liked, the adjective पसंद (“pleasing”) is often used:

मुझे चाय बहुत पसंद है – “I love chai / I like chai a lot”

The conjunct verb पसंद करना is often used to talk about liking people or things.

शौक

To discuss a general hobby, habit, or liking, the noun शौक is often used.

मुझे चाय पीने का शौक है – “I enjoy drinking chai / I have a habit of drinking chai”

इश्कमुहब्बत

The words इश्क and मुहब्बत are used, especially in movies, to describe romantic love, etc. Both words can be used in conjunct verbs and indirect verb constructions, just like प्यार.

मैं तुमसे इश्क करता हूं – “I love you”

मुझे तुमसे मुहब्बत है – “I love you”

चाहना

The verb चाहना (“to want / desire”) can be used to express love too.

मैं तुम्हें चाहता हूं – “I love you”

Other Words

There are many other words, of course, that describe love and affection, such as प्रेम, प्रीति, and ममता. This note only discusses a few of the most common expressions.