January 21, 2013

पता

The noun पता means something like “knowledge”. It is used in a variety of common idioms.

पता होना

पता is used with होना in an indirect verb construction that has the following form:

X कोपता होना – for X to know Y

Examples

A very common phrase is “पता नहीं” (“I don’t know”). This is an elliptical form of the phrase “मुझे पता नहीं है“.

मुझे पता नहीं है कि वह कब आएगा – “I don’t know when he’ll come”

पता चलना

पता is used with चलना in an indirect verb construction that means “to come to know”, “to realize”, etc. It has the following form:

X को Y पता चलना – for X to realize Y

Examples

मुझे पता चल गया कि मैं अपना चश्मा लाना भूल गया था – “I realized that I’d forgotten to bring my eyeglasses”

पता करना

पता is used with करना in a conjunct verb meaning “to find out (i.e, to seek information or knowledge)”.

Examples

मैं इन साड़ियों का दाम कैसे पता कर सकती हूं – “How can I find out the price of these saris?”

पता लगाना

पता is also used with लगाना to mean “to find out (i.e., to seek information)”.

मैं उसका घर का पता कैसे पता लगा सकता हूं – “How can I find out his home address?”

पता, incidentally, is also a noun that means “address”.