April 20, 2012

The future tense is formed as: verb stem + first suffix + second suffix

The first set of suffixes is:

Suffix Condition
ऊँ If the subject is मैं
If the subject is तुम
If the subject is singular
एँ If the subject is plural

The second set of suffixes is:

Suffix Condition
गा If the subject is masculine and singular
गे If the subject is masculine and plural
गी If the subject is feminine, whether singular or plural

The future tense does not specify any particular aspect. It is “non-aspectual”.

Pronoun Masculine Form Feminine Form
मैं खाऊँगा खाऊँगी
हम खाएँगे खाएँगी
आप खाएँगे खाएँगी
तुम खाओगे खाओगी
तू खाएगा खाएगी
यह/वह खाएगा खाएगी
ये/वे खाएँगे खाएँगी