April 20, 2012

ऐसा

The adjective ऐसा may be rendered in English as “like”, “so”, “such”, “thus”, “like that”, “that way”, etc.

Form

ऐसा is a marked adjective and therefore inflects like other marked adjectives.

Gender/Number Form
Masculine Singular ऐसा
Masculine Plural ऐसे
Feminine Singular ऐसी
Feminine Plural ऐसी

Just as all adjectives, ऐसा has oblique forms:

Gender Form
Masculine Oblique ऐसे
Feminine Oblique ऐसी

Examples

Adjective Examples

मुझे ऐसी किताबें पसंद है – “I like those kinds of books”/”I like such books”

ऐसा आदमी है जो हमेशा दुसरे लोगों की मदद करता है – “…the kind of man who always helps other people”

Substantive Examples

ऐसा क्यूँ होता है – “Why is that”?

Idioms

ऐसा is used in a variety of idioms.

ऐसा होते हुए भी – “notwithstanding”

  • Matthew Chang

    When forms of ऐसा are used adverbially to mean “this way” following a verb (well, preceding I guess because of SOV), do we use ऐसे or ऐसा ?

    In one of your notes, you write अगर मैं आप की जगह होता तो मैं ऐसा नहीं करता, but can we say things like ऐसे करना सही नहीं है (Doing that is not right)?

    • http://hindilanguage.info/ hindilanguage.info

      It can be used both ways: “that”, “like that”. To learn how to use it idiomatically, you’ll just need to see a lot of examples. Here are a few examples: आप सॉफ्टवेयर के सबसे नए संस्करण का इस्तेमाल करें, ऐसा ज़रूरी नहीं है – “It’s not necessary to use the most recent version of the software”, वह खाना ऐसे खा गया जैसे कि उसने कई दिनों से कुछ नहीं खाया हो – “He devoured the food as if he hadn’t eaten for several days”. “ऐसे करना सही नहीं है” is not right; use ऐसा instead, e.g. “ऐसा करना ठीक नहीं है” or “ऐसा करना अच्छी बात नहीं है”. What you wrote is like saying “doing like that is not correct”. Type both into Google, and compare the number of results that you get. Use wildcards for better results, e.g. “ऐसा करना * नहीं है”, etc. Make sure that you use quotation marks for exact results. You’ll find ungrammatical sentences and typographical errors on the web, of course, but this technique can be useful.